Drug diversion can be defined as any act or deviation that removes a prescription drug from its intended path from the manufacturer to the patient. Prescription opioid addiction, which has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, is a major driver of drug diversion. Under these circumstances, patient harm can take many forms, including substandard care delivered by an impaired provider, denial of appropriate therapy or pain control, and even infection risks stemming from tampering with inject-able drugs.
It has been reported that more than 100,000 US doctors, nurses, technicians, and other health professionals struggle with abuse or addiction and this problem costs the healthcare industry billions of dollars annually. Patient and professional safety combined, calls for effective, reliable safeguards to maintain the integrity of prescription drugs and controlled substances